Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 94

FROM THE CORRAL
Adding by subtracting
There was a fascinating study
published in the journal Nature that
studied how people solve different
types of problems. Gabrielle Adams
and her colleagues at the University of
Virginia found that people will often
choose a more complicated solution
by adding something when the best
answer instead would be to remove
something. One of the problems they
presented was a house made of Legos
that had a flat roof supported by one
unstable column. Participants were
instructed to modify the Lego house so
it would support a single brick placed
on the roof. There are two ways this
problem could be solved. You could
either add three columns to hold up
the unstable roof or choose a simpler
solution. That solution is to remove
the single unstable column and lay
the flat roof down on the sidewalls of
the house. Most people choose to add
three columns, while the simple answer
would be removing the one unstable
column and lowering the roof.
This tendency of people to add
something instead of subtracting
something may help explain why
bureaucracy has a tendency to grow.
The University of Virginia researchers
also studied archived data at their
university to observe the evolution
of rules and regulations over time.
When the university president asked
students and faculty how to serve their
community better, 89% chose to add a
regulation - only 11% chose to remove
a regulation, program or standard
practice. People were more likely to
choose the additive solution. That
may explain why bureaucracy grows
more complex.
After reading this article, I thought
about two extremely successful
products that used a subtractive
approach. When Google was first
released, it had a plain white screen
and there was nothing to learn. The
screen contained the name Google and
a single search box. Previous search
engines had complicated instructions
about " and " and " or " functions. They
were more difficult to use. Zoom
video conferences software is another
example of a subtractive approach. It
became wildly popular because people
did not have to learn how to use it.
During the pandemic, I sometimes had
to use horrible platforms where I had
to have an hour-long training session.
Streamyard is another program that is
becoming popular. I figured out how to
use it by myself with no training.
One might ask: " What does this
study have to do with the meat
industry? " One of the reasons why
the North American Meat Institute
animal welfare guidelines have become
popular is that they are simple. When
the guidelines were first started in the
1990s, they had five core criteria and
six acts of abuse. Two additional core
criteria were added that were really
needed, which included access to water
and absence of willful acts of abuse.
The guidelines worked extremely
well, but over the years there has
been a tendency to make them more
complicated by adding exceptions to
the criteria. Traffic rules work because
they are simple. Both drunk driving and
speeding are measured with devices
that provide objective numbers. Stop
signs mean stop.
Some of the animal welfare audits
that have been developed for farms are
way too complicated. Too many things
are being measured and the sampling
procedures are too complex. To be
effective, you have to keep the really
important core criteria such as drunk
driving and speeding for traffic and
stunning efficacy, vocalization, electric
prod use and falls for slaughter.
When I was working in the field
designing equipment, I used to
say, " Think simple. " On a piece of
equipment, I would say to myself, " Can
I use three air cylinders instead of six? "
Sometimes less is more.
TEMPLE GRANDIN | meatpoult r y@sos land.com
Some of the animal welfare audits
that have been developed for farms
are way too complicated.
94 MEAT+POULTRY | 07.21 | www.meatpoultry.com
Rosalie Winard
http://www.meatpoultry.com

Meat+Poultry - July 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Meat+Poultry - July 2021

Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Intro
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - VDG-1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - VDG-2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 3
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 4
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 5
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 6
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 7
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 8
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 9
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 10
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 11
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 12
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 13
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 14
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 15
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 16
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 17
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 18
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 19
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 20
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 21
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 22
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 23
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 24
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 25
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 26
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 27
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 28
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 29
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 30
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 31
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 32
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 33
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 34
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 35
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 36
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 37
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 38
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 39
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 40
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 41
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 42
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 43
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 44
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 45
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 46
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 47
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 48
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 49
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 50
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 51
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 52
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 53
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 54
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 55
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 56
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 57
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 58
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 59
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 60
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 61
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 62
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 63
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 64
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 65
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 66
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 67
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 68
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 69
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 70
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 71
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 72
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 73
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 74
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 75
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 76
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 77
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 78
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 79
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 80
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 81
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 82
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 83
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 84
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 85
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 86
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 87
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 88
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 89
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 90
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 91
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 92
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 93
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 94
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 95
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 96
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 97
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 98
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 99
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 100
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 101
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 102
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 103
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 104
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-3
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-4
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-5
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-6
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-7
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-8
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-july-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-june-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-may-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/special-supplement-meat-alternatives-may-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-april-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-march-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2021_02_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2021_01_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_12_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_11_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_10_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_09_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_08_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_07_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_06_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_05_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_04_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_03_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_02_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_01_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_12_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_11_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_10_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_09_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_08_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_07_11
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_06_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_05_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_04_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_03_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_02_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_01_01_mp
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2003_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2003_10_01
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com