Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 17

of Sinclair's descriptions of the meat packing
houses in his book. Congress then passed the
legislation and President Roosevelt signed the
Meat Inspection Act of 1906 into law. While
" The Jungle " highlighted worker safety, it
essentially created the impetus for food safety,
as well.
The Meat Inspection Act of 1906 reformed
the meat packing industry in the United States
and set standards for sanitation and safe
food for human consumption throughout the
industry. It established a statute that prohibited
the sale of misbranded and adulterated
livestock, and the food products derived from
that livestock, and ensured slaughter and
processing occurred under sanitary conditions.
Also, the law mandated the US Department of
Agriculture (USDA) inspect all cattle, swine,
sheep, goats and horses processed for human
consumption before and after slaughter.
" As far as legislation goes, the meat act has
not been opened since 1906, so we're working
off the same legislation, " said Casey Gallimore,
director of regulatory and scientific affairs at
the North American Meat Institute (NAMI).
" The only change that's happened since then
is poultry got added in with The Poultry
Products Inspection Act [1957] and then you
have the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act.
But the actual 'nuts and bolts' that we work
off of at the Meat Institute is the same act
from 1906. "
The Humane Methods of Slaughter Act in
1958 addressed the suffering of animals during
slaughter and not food safety, but The Poultry
Products Inspection Act of 1957 applied the
principles of The Meat Inspection Act of 1906
to poultry and poultry products, requiring
federal inspection and prohibiting misbranding
and adulteration. Another act did pass in 1967,
filling in a few other gaps in the 1906 act.
The Wholesome Meat Act of 1967 added
consumer protection to the 1906 act by
addressing conditions not covered in the
original law. Animals slaughtered for intrastate
commerce did not fall under the federal
inspection regulations of the 1906 law and
were the responsibility of the state. Limited
state funds opened the door for abuses and
inadequate food safety. The 1906 law also left
out imported products and rendering.
The new act in 1967 amended the 1906
act adding the regulation of transporters,
renderers and cold-storage warehouses to
the USDA's authority, as well as requiring
much stricter requirements on imported meat
products. In addition, the new act extended
the USDA's jurisdiction over slaughter and
processing for intrastate commerce and only
allowed uninspected meat to go to the owner
of a slaughtered animal.
As regulations, laws, government oversight
and an understanding of the need to push food
safety forward in light of significant events
evolved, so too did the processes of ensuring
food safety regarding all the periphery of the
meat business.
CONTINUED EVOLUTION
As with all industry today, technology and
the automation and machines that result
from it continue to change manufacturing at
a rapid pace. This change includes the meat
and poultry industry, but meat and poultry
processing maintains some uniqueness relative
to most other manufacturing industries. People
still provide much of the labor in processing.
" If you think about vehicle manufacturing
or even a lot of food manufacturing, they
can be done primarily with machines where
employees are highlighting the machines, "
Gallimore said. " Wherein our industry the
predominant part of processing happens from
employees, and machines highlight employees
and help employees. It's very different. "
Meat and poultry processing necessitates
human labor due to the impossibility of
every cow, hog, chicken, etc., to match an
exact specification, size and weight needed
for machines to adapt to the unavoidable
variances. So many unique variables create
an intricacy requiring human abilities. The
reliance on, and need for, human skill and
labor to carry out processing tasks has shaped
the way the industry inspects for food safety,
but that is changing.
" For a long time, the industry's only ways
of inspecting to see if things were good were
just looking at it, smelling it and touching
it, " Gallimore said. " Now, the environmental
and product microbial sampling programs
at these facilities are intense. They have all
kinds of different things they're testing for on
very intricate schedules between areas of the
plant or different types of products, different
organisms that they're looking at whether
For a long time,
the industry's
only ways of
inspecting to
see if things
were good
were just
looking at it,
smelling it and
touching it. "
- CASEY GALLIMORE
As Sosland Publishing
Company, publisher of
MEAT+POULTRY, gears
up to celebrate 100
years of providing food
industry professionals
timely information,
news and commentary,
we will be publishing
a series of articles
across all our titles
to celebrate the past,
present and future of
the people and industry
that feed the world.
www.meatpoultry.com | 07.21 | MEAT+POULTRY
17
http://www.meatpoultry.com

Meat+Poultry - July 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Meat+Poultry - July 2021

Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Intro
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - VDG-1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - VDG-2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 3
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 4
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 5
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 6
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 7
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 8
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 9
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 10
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 11
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 12
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 13
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 14
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 15
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 16
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 17
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 18
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 19
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 20
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 21
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 22
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 23
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 24
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 25
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 26
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 27
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 28
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 29
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 30
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 31
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 32
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 33
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 34
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 35
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 36
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 37
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 38
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 39
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 40
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 41
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 42
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 43
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 44
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 45
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 46
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 47
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 48
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 49
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 50
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 51
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 52
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 53
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 54
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 55
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 56
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 57
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 58
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 59
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 60
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 61
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 62
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 63
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 65
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 67
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 69
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 70
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 72
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 73
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 74
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 76
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 77
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 78
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 79
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 81
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Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 101
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 102
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 103
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - 104
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-1
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-2
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-3
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-4
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-5
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-6
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-7
Meat+Poultry - July 2021 - Marel-8
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-july-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-june-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-may-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/special-supplement-meat-alternatives-may-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-april-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/meatpoultry-march-2021
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2021_02_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2021_01_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_12_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_11_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_10_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_09_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_08_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_07_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_06_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_05_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_04_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_03_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_02_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2020_01_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_12_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_11_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_10_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_09_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_08_01
https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_07_11
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https://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_05_01
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http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_07_01
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https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_01_01_mp
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_09_01
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