Meat+Poultry - August 2018 - 94

FROM THE CORRAL

Upstream awareness
For years I have stated that the
industry should change practices and
make downer fatigued pigs disappear.
Recently I visited a US plant with
heavy market pigs and out of over
1,000 animals, there was only one
non-ambulatory downer. The pigs were
observed during truck unloading and
handling at the stunner. Even more
mind blowing was that the temperature
was over 100°F. I was with some
visitors and they were asking what the
downer hoist was for. In the days of
lots of downers, it would have been
obvious what the hoist was used for.
How did they do it? There were
three factors: 1) genetic selection
for leg conformation; 2) producers
walking through their pens to get
pigs accustomed to quietly moving
away; and 3) low-dose ractopamine or
ractopamine free. It was obvious they
had worked on genetic selection. The
bad defects, such as post legged (too
straight), collapsed ankles and twisted
legs were absent. If a pig walks on its
dew claws, the foot is abnormal. There
were no wild pigs that went crazy
when a person entered the holding
pens at the plant. On other plant
visits, I have observed that reducing
the dose of ractopamine also made
a big improvement and lowered the

percentage of downer fatigued pigs. The
bottom line is the outcome. They made
non-ambulatory fatigued pigs almost go
away, and they did it when the weather
was extremely hot. All this work had to
be done on the farm. Conditions at the
plant remained the same.

FED-BEEF PROBLEMS
I have been in the livestock industry for
many years. Fifteen years ago, problems
with lame or fatigued feedlot cattle did
not exist. There are many reasons why.
Fed cattle today are heavier and younger.
Unfortunately, there are some producers
who are repeating the mistakes that the
pork industry is now correcting. The
same leg conformation problems that
occurred in pigs are now appearing in
some cattle. Indiscriminate selection for
carcass traits is related to poor feet and
legs. There are two main genetic defects
that can be easily observed - collapsed
ankles where the cattle walk on their
dewclaws and twisted claw (corkscrew
foot). When the animal gets older, their
toes start to cross.
There are also three other issues:
1. It is important to get cattle
accustomed to people moving in and
out of pens by a person on foot.
2. Poorly managed ractopamine use.
Hot weather can make problems worse.
Data collected from large industry
surveys shows that lameness in fed
cattle increases in the summer.
3. Raising cattle on bare concrete.
If cattle remain on bare concrete too

long, they will get swollen knee joints
and be lame.
Again, the bottom line is the
industry should make the fatigued
lame cattle problem go away. The
pork industry showed that they have
producers who have done it. The beef
industry should make sure they do
not let bad become normal. Constant
monitoring and documentation of
lameness and downers is essential.
Severely lame fed cattle should be
reported back to the feed yard.
When they rest in the plant
stockyard, normal cattle will tuck both
front feet under their bodies. This is the
normal position. If they lay down with
one leg tucked under and the other
front leg sticking straight out, that leg
is hurting. A variety of causes can make
cattle lie in this abnormal position.
It is an outcome that can be easily
observed. If the yard managers see lots
of cattle lying with an extended front
leg, it should be photographed, and the
picture sent back to the feedlot.
There are a few poor cattle feeders
who continue sending severely lame
feedlot cattle to packing plants. There
are also some animals that are crazy
wild because they are not accustomed
to people around them on foot. There
are serious welfare issues. Feed yard
managers will change their ways if they
know that if they send something nasty
to the plant, it will get photographed
and documented.
T E M P L E G R A N D I N | m e a t p o u l t r y @ s o s l a n d .c o m

The same leg conformation problems
that occurred in pigs are now
appearing in some cattle.
Rosalie Winard

94

MEAT+ POULTRY | 08.18 | www.meatpoultry.com


http://www.meatpoultry.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Meat+Poultry - August 2018

http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_07_11
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2019_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2018_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2017_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2016_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2015_01_01_mp
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2014_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2013_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2012_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2011_01_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mp/2010_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2010_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2009_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2008_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2007_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2006_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2005_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_11_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_10_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_09_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_08_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_07_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_06_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_05_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_04_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_03_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_02_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2004_01_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2003_12_01
http://digital.meatpoultry.com/sosland/mp/2003_10_01
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com